(a) Scope. This rule governs judicial notice of another state’s, territory’s, or federal jurisdiction’s:
- public statutes;
- court decisions; and
- common law.
(b) Taking Notice. The court:
(1) may take judicial notice on its own; or
(2) must take judicial notice if a party requests it and the court is supplied with the necessary information.
(c) Notice and Opportunity to Be Heard.
(1) Notice. The court may require a party requesting judicial notice to notify all other parties of the request so they may respond to it.
(2) Opportunity to Be Heard. On timely request, a party is entitled to be heard on the propriety of taking judicial notice and the nature of the matter to be noticed. If the court takes judicial notice before a party has been notified, the party, on request, is still entitled to be heard.
(d) Timing. The court may take judicial notice at any stage of the proceeding.
(e) Determination and Review. The court—not the jury—must determine the law of another state, territory, or federal jurisdiction. The court’s determination must be treated as a ruling on a question of law.